Why did Netaji leave the INC?
Why did Netaji leave the INC??? Whenever there are two strong leaders in a political party, either the party gets split up or either one of the two has to resign!
The same happened somewhat around 79 years ago. The British Government was anxious as well as worried about Bose taking a deep interest in the Axis Powers during the World War II and the ‘Gandhi-Bose conflict’.
It was the year of 1939, a year famous for many political incidents. For the Congress session of 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose announced his name for the Presidential Elections, even knowing that he would have bitter oppositions. In that very year, Nehru was on a long-term holiday in Europe. When he returned to his native land, Gandhi advised him to take part in the elections. Due to some reasons, Nehru declined this advice of Gandhi and suggested a better name ‘Maulana Azad’.
Maulana Azad on the other hand also withdrew his name, because on the opposition was the strong and the firm Bose. Keeping all the things in mind, Gandhi finally decided to announce a candidate to the elections. He chose Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya, a leader of Andhra.
Gandhiji vs. Netaji
The result of the elections was declared on 29 January 1939 with a big win for Subhash Chandra Bose, who secured 1580 votes. On the other hand, Gandhi’s representatives, Sitaramayya secured just 1377 votes. Thus, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose secured the position of The President Of the Congress.
The defeat of his suggested candidate was a serious blow to Gandhi. After the win of Bose, he said , “I am glad of Subhas’ victory….and since I was instrumental in inducing Dr. Pattabhi not to withdraw his name after Maulana Azad Sahib done so, the defeat is more mine than his….”
The truth was unacceptable to Gandhi, and he also said that Subhash should form his own working committee and run the Congress.
After few days of Netaji’s victory, Gandhi also said , “after all Subhash Babu is not the enemy of our country…he has suffered for it”. In His opinion, his is the most forward and boldest policy and programme….the minority can only wish him all the best”.
In March 1939, Congress was to meet at its annual session at Tripuri with the president being Subhash Chandra Bose. But prior to this, Bose fell ill just before 21 February. A meeting was to be held in Wardha, where Subhash was unable to reach and so he telegrammed to one of his closed one to postpone the meeting. Also he sent a telegram to Gandhi but Gandhi did not reacted, clearly showing his hatred for Subhash Chandra Bose.
The absence of Bose, without any information (even though he had sent telegram to Gandhi to make the working committee on his own) made the Congressmen angry. As a consequence, Patel and the other 11 members resigned from the Working Committee, making the side of Bose weak.
In this Tripuri session, when Bose was brought up on the dias on a stretcher, a congressman shouted, “Why don’t you check whether he has any onions under his armpits”.
With such views and sayings against Subhash Chandra Bose by his own men, the strong leader Bose was deeply embarrassed and hurt. As a result, Bose resigned from the President post and decided to walk away on his own different path. Later on, he flew away from India and was never seen again!