INDIA Got Her Name From River INDUS
India which is often referred as “BHARAT” is a country in South Asia. It is the 7th largest country in terms of size and also the 2nd most populous country with more than 1 billion people. India is also referred as the most populous democratic country in the world. It is surrounded by Indian Ocean in the south, Arabian Sea on the west and Bay of Bengal to the east. India share its border with many countries like China, Pakistan, Nepal and a few more. The Indian subcontinent was then home to the famous urban Indus valley Civilization. India was the richest country among the world, it was famous for its wealth and so does it name “THE GOLDEN BIRD”.
But after the invasion of the Britishers everything changed, the white looted all the wealth from India and took them to their homeland. India was under the British rule for more than of 100 years, they came during the Mughal Rule and arrived as traders but slowly and gradually they conquered the whole of the India and looted all its wealth. The present day India was formed after the partition from Pakistan. The first Prime Minister of India was Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and the first President of India was Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
Name and Origin
The name of India was taken as “BHARAT” after the emperor “Bharat”. And later Bharat was renamed to INDIA. The word INDIA is originally derived from the name of the famous river Sindhu or Indus River. India in greek language was denoted after the region of the Indus River which was then a part of India (Now Pakistan). Sindhu was the Sanskrit name for the river Indus. The name India was taken in the late 440 BCE. The word India is also derived from the INDUS which originates from the old Persian word ‘HINDUS’. The latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu which was the local appellation for the Indus River. Though India too has many names like Hindustan, Hodu, Bharatam and a few more.
Indus River is also one of the longest river in Asia. It originates from the Tibetan Plateau in the lake Mansarovar. This river travels a very long distance from the Ladakh region in Jammu and Kashmir to the Hindukush Ranges. It then moves in Pakistan and from then it meets the Arabian Sea. Indus River is the national river of Pakistan. This river has been important to the people for both religiously and historically. Before the partition in 1947 India was also called as: ”THE COUNTRY OF THE RIVER INDUS”.