जानिए क्यू नही बना वंदे मातरम भारत का राष्ट्रिय गान ?

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history of our national song

 

VANDE MATARAM

history of our national songDo you know why Vande mataram did not become our national anthem? Here we have the history of our national song. Vande Mataram, a song which was referred as “National Anthem of Bengal”.  It became a song for rebellion protesting while marching for freedom movements were honoured as our National Song of India in October 1937 by the Congress Working Committee.

Yet, this revolutionary song written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1857 was never considered as the National Anthem in India.  A song that fills Indian freedom fighters and revolutionaries blood with patriotic rage lost the race from “Jan Gan Man”. Though all over it has been referred that Vande Mataram could have been a better choice to be rewarded as National Anthem but what happened in back 1930s that had stopped it happening? Let us all know.

HISTORY OF OUR NATIONAL SONG-

Vande Mataram is a poem taken from a novel written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Bankim Chatterjee was a writer, philosopher and administrator under British rule. He wrote a Bengali novel, named, ‘Anandmath’. Chattopadhyay was a Hindu fundamentalist. He was under a spell that Hindu has been marginalised under the Mughals, which basically were Muslims. As well, he believed that Hindustan should have subcontinent as a Hindu state.

history of our national song

The poem, Vande Mataram, indicated not towards the Britishers who were spreading East India Company but the Muslims working under British in East India company. The verses were written on a rebellion called Fekir Sanyasi Rebellion, cleverly removing the word ‘fekir’.

The last verse of Vande Mataram was purely against Muslims and depicted Hindus as oppressed fighting for liberty. The entire song is an appeal to goddess Durga for a Hindustan as highly Hindu Nation and diminishing of British Company determining Muslims.

Therefore, Muslim league members that were led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah objected against the writings of Chattopadhyay. They have points that helped to raise their arguments, they were-

  • The verses are devoted to Hindu idol.
  • There is no one place where Muslim or any another devotee of other races that run in India is mentioned.
  • The verses depicting Islam demolition.

As the Islamic community was not happy, the Congress Committee tried to remove the arguable verses to make Vande Mataram suitable for National Anthem but Muslim leaders wanted to complete termination of the song. The whole fiasco resulted in opting “Jan Gan Man” being as a national song written by Rabindra Nath Tagore after the Independence of India and Vande Mataram came under the option of the national song but not exactly in the raw form.

Translation of the song

Kumar Roy translated the song in a more harmonic way and all the arguable lines were removed. So, finally the most suitable two stanzas came in the light and those only were announced as our National Song.

At last, the song that has a big part in our independence. The song which was used by our freedom fighters before dying to show the passion for winning battle itself lost the race of National Anthem.

   -SHIVANI TYAGI

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