Diabetes: Symptoms and Cure
It is like one day you are keeping up to pace and other you’re falling behind. It is because of Diabetes. It’s an around the clock job no days off/ no vacation. You can’t forget about it and you have to come back to it later. It gets mentally exhausting and we go through periods of feeling burnt out. Nowadays in every family, diabetes is the very familiar word for all of them. Here let’s know more about it, related diet and cure.
What is diabetes?
It means that your blood sugar or blood glucose level is higher than normal (normal is considered 80-110 mg). This glucose comes from the food we eat. It is the main source of energy to our body. But as we all know that excess of everything is bad and so of “Glucose”. Many of the health issues are caused by this. So, it is needed to know about it more clearly.
You may know someone who has diabetes, or you may also be a diabetic. It affects 382 million people worldwide. Diabetes is not a disease, now it has become a part of our life. According to the center for diabetes control, out of more than 29 million people who have diabetes in the U.S., only 21 million are actually diagnosed. That means over 1 quarter of Americans with diabetes don’t even know they have diabetes. So, we should know the symptoms of diabetes.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
Symptoms of diabetes are given underneath; if you have these symptoms then you should go for diabetes test which includes a blood test and urine test as well–
Type – 1 Diabetes Symptoms:-
- Frequent urination which means tend to go to the toilet a lot.
- Very thirsty because of an excess of water loss with glucose when passed out urine.
- Thrush or genital itching because glucose having urine provides an environment for bacteria to thrive.
- Slow healing because of the high amount of glucose in the flesh which provides a favourable environment for bacteria.
- Blurred vision because glucose can also build up in the lens at the front of the eye causing the liquid in the lens to become cloudy.
- Tiredness because the body doesn’t get glucose so have low energy.
- Weight loss body needs energy so it starts to break down its fat.
Type -2 diabetes symptoms:-
Same as type -1. But in type- 2, problem is that symptoms come slowly so people can live up to 10 years before they realize that they have it. Type – 2 diabetes follows Prediabetes (5.7 to 6.4 mmol/L)
What happens in diabetes?
In a diabetic person, the pancreas makes little or no insulin or insulin is ineffective. As a result, glucose concentration increases in the blood but can’t get absorbed in the cells. This leads to high blood sugar levels which cause damage to the body in several ways.
Types of diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes
|Type 1 Diabetes||Type 2 Diabetes|
|• It is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes Mellitus (IDDM).||• It is very well known as Adult Onset Diabetes or Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM).|
|• In this type of diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin, and the person has to take insulin through injections or external sources.||• In this type of Diabetes, the pancreas, produce some insulin but the cells can’t use it very well. It is because of overweight.
|It occurs in 10 % of people and most often found in under the 40s. The most common type of diabetes found in childhood.||It found in 90% of people and most common in over 40s in the USA or over 25s in ASIA.|
|In Type – 1 diabetes, food breaks down into glucose but the body doesn’t make insulin at all so that blood sugar level increases and the body tries to get rid of the glucose through the kidneys.||In Type -2 diabetes, a build-up of fat can stop insulin doing its job properly by masking the locking sites of cells where insulin got attached and glucose utilized. But it can’t happen because of fat so blood sugar levels continue to rise.
Then the insulin level also increases and where the body needs energy it sends an emergency signal to the liver to increase glucose then glucose level again rise up and more insulin produces again. Until it can’t cope anymore and eventually it can wear out.
Mechanism with or without diabetes
When your body digests the food you eat, it mixes with blood in the form of glucose. Just as a car needs petrol, every cell in your body needs glucose to work properly. But too much glucose in the blood is hazardous. An organ, called the pancreas, controls the amount of glucose in the blood with the help of a hormone called Insulin. Insulin absorbs glucose from the bloodstream and transfers to your cells, cells then take the glucose and make it into energy which you need to perform various activities.
We are going to tell you how your body processes the food you eat so that all the cells in your body can be provided with their necessary energy, and also what happens when you have diabetes by which this system doesn’t work properly. When you eat food which contains carbohydrate it’s broken down in the stomach into glucose, which is a simple sugar. We need glucose because it gives us energy, like our cars, needs fuel.
Carbohydrate-containing foods are like starchy foods, sugary foods, milk, and some dairy products and fruits. This glucose then moves into the bloodstream and the body detects that the blood sugar level is rising. In response to that pancreas that is a little gland which is underneath the stomach release hormone, insulin, that helps our body get the energy from the food we eat by using glucose. The bloodstream then takes both the insulin and glucose to every cell that needs it. In muscles, the scenario is like insulin is a key that unlocks the cells so the glucose can get in. Then, glucose levels start to drop in blood.
Body functions best with glucose at an optimum level in blood. It doesn’t like if the blood sugar level rises too high. Normally there is a cycle within the body which balances these levels. But in some people, the system doesn’t work properly and they develop diabetes i.e. Diabetes mellitus (DM). You should not confuse between diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus because insipidus is caused by poor functioning of kidney.
In Diabetes, blood sugar levels higher than normal, which is considered less than 100 mg%. Below are the details:
What causes diabetes?
Above are the main causes of diabetes but there may be some more causes too.
- Stress – affects glucose levels.
- Pregnancy – 2 out of 10 women have it. At this time, it is called gestational diabetes which is a temporary type of diabetes.
- Alcohol – too much alcohol intake slows down the liver’s glucose production.
Who are at risk?
There are several factors which make some people more likely to know about this:
- Unhealthy eating pattern (too much junk food; low fruits/ vegetable intake)
- Sedentary lifestyle (little / no physical activity)
- Hereditary factors (family history of diabetes)
- Being overweight or obese.
When to check???
One or more of the following symptoms may indicate about this:
- Excess thirst and hunger.
- Frequent need to urinate.
- Unexplained weight gain/ loss.
- Frequent need to urinate.
- Frequent infections of the skin.
- Blurred vision.
- Delayed wound healing.
- Feeling very tired.
- Tingling in feet.
What can diabetes lead to?
It can lead to several health problems like:
- Heart Attack: Blood vessels get damaged and this leads to heart attack.
- Blindness / blurred vision.
- Gangrene, foot complication.
- Kidney failure.
How to prevent ???
- Maintain ideal body weight
- Eat a well-balanced diet.
- Reduce intake of fried and junk foods.
- Involved in at least 45 min of physical exercises.
- Go for regular health check up.
Food to prefer and avoid if you are suffering from diabetes
|Whole fruits like apple, guava, papaya, pear etc. (100 gm).||Fruits like: banana, mango cheeku, grapes, leechi, custard apple.|
|Sprouts and husked pulses. Seasonal vegetables in form of salads.||Sugars, honey, chocolates, candies, fruit juices, sweetened beverages, jimikand, arbi, sweet potato.|
|Taking meals at proper times (according to insulin dosage if taking insulin).||Fasting and feasting.|
|Bel Patra leaves chutney (boil with water till it becomes half)||Negligence of your health and medication.|
|Methi daana powder, karela (bitter gourd) powder, Jamun seed powder, neem leaves powder, bel patra powder. Mix all and take 1 spoon with warm water daily in morning and evening.|